Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 233--237

Induction of cytotoxicity by Bruguiera gymnorrhiza in human breast carcinoma (MCF-7) cell line via activation of the intrinsic pathway


Gul-e-Saba Chaudhry1, Nurul Huda Rahman1, Vigneswari Sevakumaran2, Aziz Ahmad2, Habsah Mohamad1, Muhammad Naveed Zafar3, Yeong Yik Sung1, Tengku Sifzizul Tengku Muhammad1 
1 Institute of Marine Biotechnology, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Kuala Nerus, Malaysia
2 Faculty of Science and Marine Environment, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia
3 Department of Chemistry, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Gul-e-Saba Chaudhry
Institute of Marine Biotechnology, University Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Terengganu
Malaysia
Tengku Sifzizul Tengku Muhammad
Institute of Marine Biotechnology, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030
Malaysia

Breast cancer is among the frequently occurring cancer worldwide. The foremost underline aim of this study was to determine the growth inhibitory effect along with mechanistic study of a Bruguiera gymnorrhiza extract on MCF-7. The cytotoxicity activity was determined by using the MTS assay. Butanol extract exhibited the maximum cytotoxicity activity against the MCF-7 cells with IC50of 3.39 μg/mL, followed by diethyl ether and methanol extract (IC50at 16.22 μg/mL and 37.15 μg/mL, respectively) at 72 h. The DeadEndTM Colorimetric Apoptosis Detection System confirmed the induction of apoptosis (via DNA fragmentation) in MCF-7 cells. Both butanol and diethyl ether extracts of B. gymnorrhiza significantly increase the caspase-3 level. However, the diethyl ether extract induced higher caspase-9 levels compared to caspase-8, suggesting that the intrinsic pathway was the major route in the process of apoptosis. Thin-layer chromatography profiling demonstrated the presence of phenolic, terpene, and alkaloid compounds in crude methanol, diethyl ether, and butanol extracts. The phytochemicals present in the extracts of B. gymnorrhiza might have the potential to be a future therapeutic agent against breast cancer.


How to cite this article:
Chaudhry Ge, Rahman NH, Sevakumaran V, Ahmad A, Mohamad H, Zafar MN, Sung YY, Tengku Muhammad TS. Induction of cytotoxicity by Bruguiera gymnorrhiza in human breast carcinoma (MCF-7) cell line via activation of the intrinsic pathway.J Adv Pharm Technol Res 2020;11:233-237


How to cite this URL:
Chaudhry Ge, Rahman NH, Sevakumaran V, Ahmad A, Mohamad H, Zafar MN, Sung YY, Tengku Muhammad TS. Induction of cytotoxicity by Bruguiera gymnorrhiza in human breast carcinoma (MCF-7) cell line via activation of the intrinsic pathway. J Adv Pharm Technol Res [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Nov 27 ];11:233-237
Available from: https://www.japtr.org/article.asp?issn=2231-4040;year=2020;volume=11;issue=4;spage=233;epage=237;aulast=Chaudhry;type=0