Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 213--219

The enhancement apoptosis of osteosarcoma mesenchymal stem cells co-cultivation with peripheral blood mononuclear cells sensitized by secretome and granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor


Ferdiansyah Mahyudin1, Hizbillah Yazid1, Mouli Edward1, Mohammad Hardian Basuki1, Yunus Abdul Bari1, Fedik Abdul Rantam2 
1 Orthopedic and Traumatology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Dr Soetomo General Hospital, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia
2 Stem Cell Research And Development Center, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ferdiansyah Mahyudin
Orthopedic and Traumatology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Dr. Soetomo General Hospital, Airlangga University, Surabaya 60132
Indonesia

The advanced, metastasis, and reccurent of osteosarcoma (OS) patients have a poor prognosis postaggresive surgery and chemotherapy. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) as cell-based immunotherapy may successful in the OS treatment. To investigate the enhancement apoptosis of OS-mesenchymal stem cells (OS-MSCs) co-cultivated with PBMCs sensitized using the secretome and granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GMCSF). This true experimental study with posttest only control group design and in vitro study. The sample was cultured OS-MSCs which confirmed by Cluster of Differentiation-133 using immunocytochemistry (ICC) and histopathology analysis. The sample divided into six groups accordingly: OS-MSC, OS-MSC + PMBC, OS-MSC + PMBC + Secretome, OS-MSC + PMBC + GMCSF, OS-MSC + PBMC + Secretome + GMCSF (n = 5/N = 30). The enhancement of OS-MSCs apoptosis was analyzed through Interleukin-2 (IL-2) level through the Enyzme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay examination, expression of Signal Transducers and Activators of Transcription (STAT)-3 and caspase-3 by ICC. One-way analysis of variance test and Tukey Honestly Significant Difference to analyze the difference between the groups (P < 0.05). The highest of IL-2 level was found in the PBMC + Secretome + GMCSF group. The highest expression of caspase-3 was found in OS-MSC + PBMC + Secretome + GMCSF group with significant different between groups (P < 0.05). There was insignificant difference of STAT-3 epxression and IL-2 level between groups (P > 0.05). The co-cultivation of OS-MSCs and PBMSCs activated using secretome and GMCSF has a great ability to enhance OS-MSCs apoptosis.


How to cite this article:
Mahyudin F, Yazid H, Edward M, Basuki MH, Bari YA, Rantam FA. The enhancement apoptosis of osteosarcoma mesenchymal stem cells co-cultivation with peripheral blood mononuclear cells sensitized by secretome and granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor.J Adv Pharm Technol Res 2020;11:213-219


How to cite this URL:
Mahyudin F, Yazid H, Edward M, Basuki MH, Bari YA, Rantam FA. The enhancement apoptosis of osteosarcoma mesenchymal stem cells co-cultivation with peripheral blood mononuclear cells sensitized by secretome and granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor. J Adv Pharm Technol Res [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Nov 28 ];11:213-219
Available from: https://www.japtr.org/article.asp?issn=2231-4040;year=2020;volume=11;issue=4;spage=213;epage=219;aulast=Mahyudin;type=0