Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 169--173

Effects of lime (Citrus aurantifolia) peel to the expression of mRNA toll-like receptors 4 in balb/c mice-infected Salmonella typhi


Vivien Novarina Kasim1, Mochammad Hatta2, Rosdiana Natzir3, Veni Hadju4, Ami Febriza5, Hasta Handayani Idrus6 
1 Faculty of Medicine, State University of Gorontalo, Gorontalo, Indonesia
2 Department of Microbiology, Molecular Biology and Immunology Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
3 Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
4 Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia
5 Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Muhammadiyah University Makassar, Makassar, Indonesia
6 Department of Microbiology, Indonesian Muslim University, Makassar, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vivien Novarina Kasim
Jalan Sudirman No. 6, Dulalowo, Central City, Gorontalo 96128
Indonesia

Lime peel contains metabolic compounds that have lethal effects of bacterial cells, but its effect as an antibacterial modulate innate immunity pathways, especially toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4) signaling pathway, is unclear. This study examined the effects of lime peel extract (LPE) on the activity of TLR 4 in Balb/c mice induced by Salmonella typhi. Mice were induced intraperitoneally and then 3 days after induction, LPE was given orally on two doses (510 and 750 mg/kg BW). The number of bacterial colonization was counted using peritoneal fluid samples by the method of plate count agar. Intervention LPE for 5 days can degrade TLR-4 and the number of colonies of S. typhi. On day 3 after was induced S. typhi, TLR-4 gene expression of Balb/c mice is increased. Postintervention LPE for 5 days, the expression of TLR-4 gene decreased, significantly different at a dose of 750 mg/kg BW (P = 0.04). There was a positive correlation between the expression of TLR-4 gene by the number of bacterial colonization, decreasing gene expression of TLR-4, the number of bacterial colonization is also getting smaller (P= 0.013, r = 0.408). LPE can modulate the TLR-4 signaling pathway in host immunity so that the gene TLR-4 is expressed fewer in numbers. This mechanism causes the bacterial colony number to decrease, not even growth.


How to cite this article:
Kasim VN, Hatta M, Natzir R, Hadju V, Febriza A, Idrus HH. Effects of lime (Citrus aurantifolia) peel to the expression of mRNA toll-like receptors 4 in balb/c mice-infected Salmonella typhi.J Adv Pharm Technol Res 2020;11:169-173


How to cite this URL:
Kasim VN, Hatta M, Natzir R, Hadju V, Febriza A, Idrus HH. Effects of lime (Citrus aurantifolia) peel to the expression of mRNA toll-like receptors 4 in balb/c mice-infected Salmonella typhi. J Adv Pharm Technol Res [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Oct 21 ];11:169-173
Available from: https://www.japtr.org/article.asp?issn=2231-4040;year=2020;volume=11;issue=4;spage=169;epage=173;aulast=Kasim;type=0