Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2014  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 134--139

Pharmacodynamic interaction of green tea extract with hydrochlorothiazide against ischemia-reperfusion injury-induced myocardial infarction


Manodeep Chakraborty1, Jagadish Vasudev Kamath2 
1 Department of Pharmacology, Bhagwant University, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Pharmacology, Shree Devi College of Pharmacy, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Manodeep Chakraborty
Department of Pharmacology, Shree Devi College of Pharmacy, Airport Road, Kenjar, Mangalore - 574 142, Karnataka
India

Globally, the rate of development of myocardial diseases and hypertension is very common, which is responsible for incremental morbidity and mortality statistics. Treatment of ischemic hypertensive patients with diuretics such as hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) can precipitate myocardial infarction due to hypokalemia. This study was undertaken to evaluate the pharmacodynamic interaction of green tea extract (GTE) with HCTZ against ischemia-reperfusion induced myocardial toxicity. Wistar albino rats of either sex were taken and pretreated with high (500 mg/kg, p.o.) and low (100 mg/kg, p.o.) dose of GTE for 30 days. Standard, high and low dose of interactive groups received HCTZ (10 mg/kg, p.o.) for last 7 days. Ischemia-reperfusion injury was induced by modified Lagendorff apparatus, and the effect of different treatments was evaluated by percentage recovery in terms of heart rate and developed tension, serum biomarkers, and heart tissue antioxidant levels. Prophylactic treatment groups, such as high and low dose of GTE and their interactive groups with HCTZ, exhibited significant percentage recovery in terms of heart rate and developed tension. Apart from that, significant increase in superoxide dismutase and catalase, decrease in thiobarbituric acid reactive species in heart tissue, as well as significant decrease in serum lactate dehydrogenase, creatinine phosphokinase-MB and N-acetylcysteine levels have also been documented. The present findings clearly suggest that GTE dose-dependently reduces myocardial toxicity due to ischemia, and combination with HCTZ can reduce the associated side-effects and exhibits myocardial protection.


How to cite this article:
Chakraborty M, Kamath JV. Pharmacodynamic interaction of green tea extract with hydrochlorothiazide against ischemia-reperfusion injury-induced myocardial infarction.J Adv Pharm Technol Res 2014;5:134-139


How to cite this URL:
Chakraborty M, Kamath JV. Pharmacodynamic interaction of green tea extract with hydrochlorothiazide against ischemia-reperfusion injury-induced myocardial infarction. J Adv Pharm Technol Res [serial online] 2014 [cited 2021 Dec 2 ];5:134-139
Available from: https://www.japtr.org/article.asp?issn=2231-4040;year=2014;volume=5;issue=3;spage=134;epage=139;aulast=Chakraborty;type=0