Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research

REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2011  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 3--8

Scientific basis for the therapeutic use of Cymbopogon citratus, stapf (Lemon grass)


Gagan Shah1, Richa Shri2, Vivek Panchal3, Narender Sharma4, Bharpur Singh1, AS Mann1 
1 Department of Pharmacognosy, Bis College of Pharmacy, Gagra, Moga, India
2 Departments of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Drug Research, Punjabi University, Patiala, India
3 Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Bis College of Pharmacy, Moga, Punjab, India
4 Department of Pharmacology, Bis College of Pharmacy, Moga, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Gagan Shah
Department of Pharmacognosy, Bis College of Pharmacy, Gagra, Moga, Punjab
India

Cymbopogon citratus, Stapf (Lemon grass) is a widely used herb in tropical countries, especially in Southeast Asia. The essential oil of the plant is used in aromatherapy. The compounds identified in Cymbopogon citratus are mainly terpenes, alcohols, ketones, aldehyde and esters. Some of the reported phytoconstituents are essential oils that contain Citral a, Citral b, Nerol Geraniol, Citronellal, Terpinolene, Geranyl acetate, Myrecene and Terpinol Methylheptenone. The plant also contains reported phytoconstituents such as flavonoids and phenolic compounds, which consist of luteolin, isoorientin 2«SQ»-O-rhamnoside, quercetin, kaempferol and apiginin. Studies indicate that Cymbopogon citratus possesses various pharmacological activities such as anti-amoebic, antibacterial, antidiarrheal, antifilarial, antifungal and anti-inflammatory properties. Various other effects like antimalarial, antimutagenicity, antimycobacterial, antioxidants, hypoglycemic and neurobehaviorial have also been studied. These results are very encouraging and indicate that this herb should be studied more extensively to confirm these results and reveal other potential therapeutic effects.


How to cite this article:
Shah G, Shri R, Panchal V, Sharma N, Singh B, Mann A S. Scientific basis for the therapeutic use of Cymbopogon citratus, stapf (Lemon grass).J Adv Pharm Technol Res 2011;2:3-8


How to cite this URL:
Shah G, Shri R, Panchal V, Sharma N, Singh B, Mann A S. Scientific basis for the therapeutic use of Cymbopogon citratus, stapf (Lemon grass). J Adv Pharm Technol Res [serial online] 2011 [cited 2020 Dec 5 ];2:3-8
Available from: https://www.japtr.org/article.asp?issn=2231-4040;year=2011;volume=2;issue=1;spage=3;epage=8;aulast=Shah;type=0