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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 317-321

Evaluation of proximate composition and biological activities of sompoi (Acacia concinna) leaves in Thailand

1 Department of Applied Thai Traditional Medicine, School of Integrative Medicine, Mae Fah Luang University, Chiang Rai, Thailand
2 Department of Sports and Health Science, School of Health Science, Mae Fah Luang University, Chiang Rai, Thailand

Correspondence Address:
Chutinan Suksaard
Department of Sports and Health Science, School of Health Science, Mae Fah Luang University, Chiang Rai 57100
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/japtr.japtr_443_22

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Acacia concinna leaves are beneficial as medicinal for treating many symptoms and vegetable plants in Thai cuisine. The objective of the study was to analyze proximate compositions and micronutrients value, as well as, to evaluate biological activities including, antioxidant and anticancer activities of A. concinna leaves in Thailand. Proximate composition and micronutrients value were determined relative to the Association of Official Analytical Chemists standard methodology. Antioxidant capacity was examined following oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assay. Anticancer activity was determined following resazurin microplate assay. Proximate composition of A. concinna leaves including crude protein and dietary fiber constituted 6.73 ± 0.03 g and 9.15 ± 0.03 g/100 g sample. Energy constituted 113.00 ± 3.61 kcal/100 g sample. Its leaves also had the highest micronutrients value on calcium, with constituted 321.38 ± 4.29 mg/100 g sample. A. concinna leaves hold antioxidant capacity with ORAC and FRAP values of 20407.55 ± 74.23 μmoles and 1016.38 ± 29.29 μmoles TE/100 g sample, respectively. Its ethanolic extract holds slightly anticancer effect against tested cancerous cell lines. A. concinna can be a healthy alternative source of nutrients with good antioxidant capacity and slightly anticancer properties.

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