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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 213-219

The enhancement apoptosis of osteosarcoma mesenchymal stem cells co-cultivation with peripheral blood mononuclear cells sensitized by secretome and granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor

1 Orthopedic and Traumatology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Dr Soetomo General Hospital, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia
2 Stem Cell Research And Development Center, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ferdiansyah Mahyudin
Orthopedic and Traumatology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Dr. Soetomo General Hospital, Airlangga University, Surabaya 60132
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/japtr.JAPTR_52_20

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The advanced, metastasis, and reccurent of osteosarcoma (OS) patients have a poor prognosis postaggresive surgery and chemotherapy. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) as cell-based immunotherapy may successful in the OS treatment. To investigate the enhancement apoptosis of OS-mesenchymal stem cells (OS-MSCs) co-cultivated with PBMCs sensitized using the secretome and granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GMCSF). This true experimental study with posttest only control group design and in vitro study. The sample was cultured OS-MSCs which confirmed by Cluster of Differentiation-133 using immunocytochemistry (ICC) and histopathology analysis. The sample divided into six groups accordingly: OS-MSC, OS-MSC + PMBC, OS-MSC + PMBC + Secretome, OS-MSC + PMBC + GMCSF, OS-MSC + PBMC + Secretome + GMCSF (n = 5/N = 30). The enhancement of OS-MSCs apoptosis was analyzed through Interleukin-2 (IL-2) level through the Enyzme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay examination, expression of Signal Transducers and Activators of Transcription (STAT)-3 and caspase-3 by ICC. One-way analysis of variance test and Tukey Honestly Significant Difference to analyze the difference between the groups (P < 0.05). The highest of IL-2 level was found in the PBMC + Secretome + GMCSF group. The highest expression of caspase-3 was found in OS-MSC + PBMC + Secretome + GMCSF group with significant different between groups (P < 0.05). There was insignificant difference of STAT-3 epxression and IL-2 level between groups (P > 0.05). The co-cultivation of OS-MSCs and PBMSCs activated using secretome and GMCSF has a great ability to enhance OS-MSCs apoptosis.

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