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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 3-8

Scientific basis for the therapeutic use of Cymbopogon citratus, stapf (Lemon grass)


1 Department of Pharmacognosy, Bis College of Pharmacy, Gagra, Moga, India
2 Departments of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Drug Research, Punjabi University, Patiala, India
3 Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Bis College of Pharmacy, Moga, Punjab, India
4 Department of Pharmacology, Bis College of Pharmacy, Moga, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Gagan Shah
Department of Pharmacognosy, Bis College of Pharmacy, Gagra, Moga, Punjab
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2231-4040.79796

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Cymbopogon citratus, Stapf (Lemon grass) is a widely used herb in tropical countries, especially in Southeast Asia. The essential oil of the plant is used in aromatherapy. The compounds identified in Cymbopogon citratus are mainly terpenes, alcohols, ketones, aldehyde and esters. Some of the reported phytoconstituents are essential oils that contain Citral a, Citral b, Nerol Geraniol, Citronellal, Terpinolene, Geranyl acetate, Myrecene and Terpinol Methylheptenone. The plant also contains reported phytoconstituents such as flavonoids and phenolic compounds, which consist of luteolin, isoorientin 2'-O-rhamnoside, quercetin, kaempferol and apiginin. Studies indicate that Cymbopogon citratus possesses various pharmacological activities such as anti-amoebic, antibacterial, antidiarrheal, antifilarial, antifungal and anti-inflammatory properties. Various other effects like antimalarial, antimutagenicity, antimycobacterial, antioxidants, hypoglycemic and neurobehaviorial have also been studied. These results are very encouraging and indicate that this herb should be studied more extensively to confirm these results and reveal other potential therapeutic effects.


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